Clinical Evidence - Masimo SET® Pulse Oximetry

Clinically proven to provide the most accurate and reliable SpO2, perfusion index (PI), and pulse rate measurements—even under the most challenging conditions of patient motion and low peripheral perfusion—Masimo SET has been shown to reduce false patient monitor alarms by over 95% and expand true alarm detection to over 97%.

Featured Clinical Studies:

Performance of Three New-Generation Pulse Oximeters during Motion and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Shah N., Ragaswamy H.B., Govindugari K., Estanol L. J Clin Anesth. 2012 Aug;24(5):385-91.
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Prevention of Retinopathy of Prematurity in Preterm Infants through Changes in Clinical Practice and SpO2 Technology.
Castillo A., Deulofeut R., Critz A., Sola A. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Feb;100(2):188-92.
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Impact of pulse oximetry screening on the detection of duct dependent congenital heart disease: a Swedish prospective screening study in 39,821 newborns.
de-Wahl Granelli A., Wennergren M., Sandberg K., Mellander M., Bejlum C., Inganäs L., Eriksson M., Segerdahl N., Agren A., Ekman-Joelsson B.M., Sunnegårdh J., Verdicchio M., Östman-Smith I. BMJ. 2009;Jan 8;338.
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More Reliable Oximetry Reduces the Frequency of Arterial Blood Gas Analyses and Hastens Oxygen Weaning after Cardiac Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized Trial of the Clinical Impact of a New Technology.
Durbin C.G. Jr., Rostow S.K. Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug;30(8):1735-40.
 
Reliability of Conventional and New Pulse Oximetry in Neonatal Patients.
Hay W.W., Rodden D.J., Collins S.M., Melara D.L., Hale K.A., Fashaw L.M. J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug;22(5):360-6.
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"Motion-Resistant" Pulse Oximetry: A Comparison of New and Old Models.
Barker S.J. Anesth Analg. 2002 Oct;95(4):967-72.
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Usefulness of Pulse Oximetry Using the SET Technology in Critically Ill Adult Patients.
Levrat Q., Petitpas F., Bouche G., Debaene B., Mimoz O. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2009 Jul-Aug;28(7-8):640-4.
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Pulse Oximetry Screening for Congenital Heart Defects in Newborn Infants (Pulseox): A Test Accuracy Study.
Ewer A.K., Middleton L.J., Furmston A.T., Bhoyar A., Daniels J.P., Thangaratinam S., Deeks J.J., Khan K.S. Lancet 2011. 378(9793):785-794.
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False Alarms and Sensitivity of Conventional Pulse Oximetry versus the Masimo SET Technology in the Pediatric Postanesthesia Care Unit.
Malviya S., Reynolds P.I., Voepel-Lewis T., Siewert M., Watson D., Tait A.R., Tremper K. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jun;90(6):1336-40.
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Avoiding Hyperoxemia during Neonatal Resuscitation: Time to Response of Different SpO2 Monitors.
Baquero H., Alviz R., Castillo A., Neira F., Sola A. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Apr;100(4):515-8.
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Clinical Usefulness of New-Generation Pulse Oximetry in the Paediatric Cardiac Surgery Setting
Cannesson M., Hénaine R., Di Filippo S., Neidecker J., Bompard D., Védrinne C., Lehot J.J. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2008 Oct;27(10):808-12. [Article in French]
 
Noninvasive Peripheral Perfusion Index as a Possible Tool for Screening for Critical Left Heart Obstruction.
de-Wahl Granelli A., Östman-Smith I. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Oct;96(10):1455-9.
 
The Perfusion Index Derived from a Pulse Oximeter for Predicting Low Superior Vena Cava Flow in Very Low Birth Weight Infants.
Takahashi S., Kakiuchi S., Nanba Y., Tsukamoto K., Nakamura T., Ito Y. J Perinatol. 2010 Apr;30(4):265-9.
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Maternal Pulse Oximetry Perfusion Index as a Predictor of Early Adverse Respiratory Neonatal Outcome after Elective Cesarean Delivery.
De Felice C., Leoni L., Tommasini E., Tonni G., Toti P., Del Vecchio A., Ladisa G., Latini G. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008 Mar;9(2):203-8.
 
Early Dynamic Changes in Pulse Oximetry Signals in Preterm Newborns with Histologic Chorioamnionitis.
De Felice C., Goldstein M.R., Parrini S., Verrotti A., Criscuolo M., Latini G. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar;7(2):138-42.
 

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Accuracy (Adult):*

Performance of Three New-Generation Pulse Oximeters during Motion and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Shah N., Ragaswamy H.B., Govindugari K., Estanol L. J Clin Anesth. 2012 Aug;24(5):385-91.
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Reliability of Oxygen Saturation by Pulse Oximeter to Detect Hypoxemia of Patients in the Intensive Care Unit.
Kanai R., Moriyama K., Kohyama T., Yorozu T. Anesth Analg 2012; 113; S-159.
 
Pulse Oximetry during Intraaortic Balloon Pump Application.
Zoremba N., Brülls C., Thiel V., Röhl A., Rossaint R. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2011 Mar;55(3):322-7.
 
Pulse Oximetry Evaluation in Hypoperfused ICU Patients.
Delgado E., Cohen-Melamed M., Tuttle R. Proceeding from the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Respiratory Care.
 
Analysis of SpO2 and PaO2 Correlation in Adult Patients with ALI/ARS: A Retrospective Comparison of Two Pulse Oximetry Systems.
Siobal M.S., Wong J. Proceeding from the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Respiratory Care.
 
Usefulness of Pulse Oximetry Using the SET Technology in Critically Ill Adult Patients.
Levrat Q., Petitpas F., Bouche G., Debaene B., Mimoz O. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2009 Jul-Aug;28(7-8):640-4.
 
A Comparison of Finger, Ear and Forehead SpO2 on Detecting Oxygen Desaturation in Healthy Volunteers.
Tokuda K., Hayamizu K., Ogawa K., Hirai T., Irita K. Anesthesiology. 2007;107:A1544.
 
Evaluation of Analytic and Motion-Resistant Performance of the Mindray 9006 Pulse Oximeter.
Peng L., Yan C., Lu H., Xia Y. Med Sci Monit. 2007 Aug;13(8):MT19-27.
 
Evaluation of Finger and Forehead Pulse Oximeters during Mild Hypothermic Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Yamaura K., Irita K., Kandabashi T., Tohyama K., Takahashi S. J Clin Monit Comput. 2007 Aug;21(4):249-52.
 
Accuracy of Pulse Oximeters and the Influence of Sensor Type in Induced Hypoxia.
Rochford P.D., Brazzale D.J., Zubrinich C., Pierce R.J. Proceeding of the America Thoracic Society Annual Meeting, 2007. A606.
N/A  
The Effect of Improper Pulse Oximetry Sensor Placement on SpO2 Measurement Accuracy.
Campbell S.E., Hyde L., Chung P.A., ONeil M.P., Mannheimer P.D. Anesth Analg. 2007;105(6):S100.
 
Pulse Oximeter Accuracy: Multiple-Laboratory Evaluation.
Mannheimer P.D., St. John R.E., Batchelder R., Gehring H. Anesth Analg. 2007;105(6).
 
Comparison of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters in a Medical Intensive Care Unit.
Ahrens T.S., Ott K. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(12):A85.
 
Comparison of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters during Routine ICU Monitoring of Ventilated Patients.
Branson R., Lyons E., Johannigman J., Davis K., Tsuei B. Resp Care. 2006;51(11):251.
 
The Problem of Artifacts in Patient Monitor Data during Surgery: A Clinical and Methodological Review.
Takla G., Petre J.H., Doyle D.J., Horibe M., Gopakumaran B. Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov;103(5):1196-204.
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Impact of Motion and Low Perfusion on SpO2 & Pulse Rate in Three New Generation POs in Volunteers.
Shah N., Estanol L. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A1433.
 
Failure Rates & Recovery Times of New Generation POs during Motion and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Shah N., Estanol L. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A242.
 
Does Machine Generated or Volunteer Generated Motion Influence Accuracy of Motion Resistant POs?
Shah N., Estanol L. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A246.
 
For the Capability of Pulse Oximetry with Moving Horizontal and Vertical Controlled by Accelerator.
Yamada A., Morioka N., Takada M., Inui T., Ozaki M. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A247.
 
Motion and Low Perfusion Induced Failures of New Generation Pulse Oximeters - Failure Rates and Recovery Times in Volunteers.
Shah N., Estanol L., Patel V. Anesth Analg. 2006;102:S-108.
 
Impact of Motion and Low Perfusion on the Performances of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters for SpO2 and Pulse Rate in Volunteers.
Shah N., Patel V., Estanol L. Anesth Analg. 2006;102:S-148.
 
An Evaluation of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters during Motion and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Shah N., Patel V., Estanol L. Anesth Analg. 2006;102:S-75.
 
A Prospective Comparison of 3 New-Generation Pulse Oximetry Devices during Ambulation after Open Heart Surgery.
Richards N.M., Giuliano K.K., Jones P.G. Respir Care. 2006 Jan;51(1):29-35.
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Motion Induced Failure of Pulse Oximeters (POs) - Failure Rates and Recovery Times in Human Volunteers.
Shah N., Chitkara A., Miller J.M., Taleghani A. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:A881.
 
Performance of Masimo versus Two Other Newer Generation Pulse Oximeters (POs) for SpO2 and PR during Motion and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Shah N., Miller J.M., Taleghani A., Chitkara A. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:A879.
 
A Comparison of the Accuracy of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters (POs) during Motion and Low Perfusion in Human Volunteers.
Shah N., Taleghani A., Chitkara A., Miller J.M. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:A1168.
 
Motion Generated by Machine or by Volunteer to Study Accuracy of Motion Resistant Pulse Oximeters - Does It Matter?
Shah N., Chitkara A., Taleghani A., Miller J.M. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:A878.
 
Monitoring Carbon Dioxide Tension and Arterial Oxygen Saturation by a Single Earlobe Sensor in Patients with Critical Illness or Sleep Apnea.
Senn O., Clarenbach C.F., Kaplan V., Maggiorini M., Bloch K.E. Chest. 2005 Sep;128(3):1291-6.
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Adaptive Filtering and Alternative Calculations Revolutionizes Pulse Oximetry Sensitivity and Specificity during Motion and Low Perfusion.
Graybeal J.M., Petterson M.T. Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS. 2004.
N/A  
Masimo - A New Reliable Noninvasive Method of Detecting Oxygen Saturation in Critically Ill.
Murthy T.V.S.P., Goyal R., Singh V.P. Indian J. Anaesth. 2005;49(2):133-136.
 
Improved Pulse Oximeter Performance During Motion Artefact Does Not Include Increased Accuracy and Reliability During Cardiac Arrhythmia.
Lutter N., Mell J., Kozma E., Schuettler J. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:A589.
 
A Comparison of the Failure Times of Pulse Oximeters during Blood Pressure Cuff-Induced Hypoperfusion in Volunteers.
Kawagishi T., Kanaya N., Nakayama M., Kurosawa S., Namiki A. Anesth Analg. 2004 Sep;99(3):793-6.
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Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry Readings in an Animal Model of Low Perfusion Caused By Emerging Pneumonia and Sepsis.
Hummler H.D., Engelmann A., Pohlandt F., Högel J., Franz A.R. Intensive Care Med. 2004 Apr;30(4):709-13.
 
A Laboratory Comparison of the Newest "Motion-Resistant" Pulse Oximeters during Motion and Hypoxemia.
Barker S.J., Morgan S. Proceeding of the 2004 Society for Technology in Anesthesia. 2004; Abs 8.
N/A  
SaO2 Dependency of Neonatal Pulse Oximetry Accuracy: A Root Mean Square Error Analysis.
Gerstmann D., Berg R., Haskell R., Brower C., Smith B. Respir Care. 2003;48(11).
 
Comparison of the Masimo Pulse Oximeter Utilizing Various Probe Sites at Rest and with Exercise Against a Laboratory Oximeter Using Arterial Blood.
Hanson L.J., Mottram C.D., Scanlon P.D. Respir Care. 2003;48(11):1085.
 
Cardiac Arrhythmias Decrease Accuracy and Reliability of Third and Fourth Generation Pulse Oximeters.
Kroeber S., Lutter N., Kozma E., Pauser J., Schuettler J. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A624.
 
Evaluation of a New Reflectance Forehead Sensor in Detecting Oxygen Desaturation in Patients Undergoing Polysomnography.
Whitman R.A., Garrison M.E., Oestreich T.J., Musumbi M.S. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A553.
 
Next-Generation Pulse Oximetry.
No authors listed. Health Devices. 2003 Feb;32(2):49-103.
 
A Comparison of Nellcor N-395, N-595 and Masimo Radical Pulse Oximeters during Motion and Hypoxemia.
Barker S.J., Morgan S. Anesth Analg. 2003;97(2S):A9.
N/A  
Rapid Changes in Heart Rate and Oxygen Saturation Decrease the Clinical Performance of Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximeters.
Lutter N., Kozma E., Rauschmayer C., Schuettler J. Proceeding from the Society for Technology in Anesthesia Annual Meeting, 2003.
N/A  
Performance Evaluation of a New Pulse Oximeter during Mild Hypothermic Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Irita K., Kai Y., Akiyoshi K., Tanaka Y., Takahashi S. Anesth Analg. 2003 Jan;96(1):11-4.
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Effects of Severe Motion on Newer Pulse Oximeters during Normoxia and Hypoxia in Volunteers.
Shah M., Miyaji T., Hiasa Y., Kobayasi N., Ohmura A. Respir Care. 2002;47(9):1079.
 
Comparison between Two Oximeter Technologies in the Detection of Desaturation during Polysomnography.
Whitman R.A., Garrison M.E., Oestriech P.J. Respir Care. 2002;47(9):1088.
 
Performance of Three Fourth-Generation Pulse Oximeters during Electro-Convulsive Therapy.
Lutter N., Kozma E., Meyer V., Schuettler J. Anesthesiology 2002;96:A560.
 
A Comparison of the Performance of Pulse Oximeters during Blood Pressure Cuff-Induced Hypoperfusion in Volunteers.
Kanaya N., Kawagishi T., Nakayama M., Namiki A. Anesthesiology. 2002;96:A559.
 
"Motion-Resistant" Pulse Oximetry: A Comparison of New and Old Models.
Barker S.J. Anesth Analg. 2002 Oct;95(4):967-72.
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Comparison of Two Pulse Oximeters during Sub-Maximal Exercise in Healthy Volunteers: Effects of Motion.
Kist W., Hogan R., Weber-Hardy L., Dobey T., Moss K., Wernsman M., Minor M., Prewitt M. JEPonline. 2002;5(1):42-48.
 
Advantages of New Technology Pulse Oximetry with Adults in Extremis.
Durbin C.G., Rostow S.K. Anesth Analg. 2002 Jan;94(1 Suppl):S81-3.
 
Influence of Pulse Oximeter Technology on Hypopnea Diagnosis using the Newly Proposed Definition of a Respiratory Hypopnea.
Whitman R.A., Garrison M.E., Oestriech P.J. Sleep. 2002;25:A509(727.R).
N/A  
The Effects of Motion Artifact and Low Perfusion on the Performance of a New Generation of Pulse Oximeters in Volunteers Undergoing Hypoxemia.
Gehring H., Hornberger C., Matz H., Konecny E., Schmucker P. Respir Care. 2002 Jan;47(1):48-60.
 
False Alarm Rates of Three Third-Generation Pulse Oximeters in PACU, ICU and IABP Patients.
Lutter N.O., Urankar S., Kroeber S. Anesth Analg. 2002 Jan;94(1 Suppl):S69-75.
 
Validity of Pulse Oximetry during Maximal Exercise in Normoxia, Hypoxia, and Hyperoxia.
Yamaya Y., Bogaard H.J., Wagner P.D., Niizeki K., Hopkins S.R. J Appl Physiol. 2002 Jan;92(1):162-8.
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Improved Accuracy of the Masimo SET® Oximeter (MSO) Increases Caregiver Confidence in Saturation Values.
Rostow S.K., Durbin C.G. Respir Care. 2001;46(10):OF-01-148.
 
The Performance of Six "Motion-Resistant" Pulse Oximeters during Motion, Hypoxemia, and Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Barker S.J. Anesthesiology 2001;95:A587.
 
A Comparison of Four Major Brand of Pulse Oximeters (PO) with Masimo SET PO during Motion and Low Perfusion under Normoxic and Hypoxic Conditions in Human Volunteers.
Clack S.L., Shah N., Hoang T.D., Gupta B. Anesthesiology. 2001;95:A586.
 
Effects of IABP and Cardiac Arrhythmia on Pulse Oximetry.
Kroeber S., Lutter N., Urankar S., Luetcke B., Kozma E. Anesthesiology. 2001;95:A550.
 
The Impact of Motion and Low Perfusion on the Performance of Masimo SET Pulse Oximeter (PO) and Four other POs for Measurement of Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) and Pulse Rate (PR) in Human Volunteers.
Shah N., Clack S.L., Hoang T.D. Anesthesiology 2001;95:A553.
 
Is There a Difference in the Recovery Time for the Accurate Display of Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) and Pulse Rate (PR) after Motion Induced Failure of Pulse Oximeters (PO) during Low Perfusion and Normoxemia or Hypoxemia in Human Volunteers?
Shah N., Clack S.L., Hoang T.D. Anesthesiology. 2001;95:A552.
 
Comparison of the New Masimo SET V3 Technology with a Conventional Pulse Oximeter during Polysomnography.
Whitman R.A., Garrison M.E. Sleep. 2001;24:A412.
N/A  
The Bias and Precision of a New Generation of Pulse Oximeter.
Gehring H., Hornberger C., Matz H., Schäfer R., Konecny E., Schmucker P. Respir Care. 2000;45(8):019.
 
The Performance of a New Pulse Oximeter Generation to Motion and Low Perfusion Simulation during a Desaturation Procedure.
Hornberger H., Gehring H., Matz H., Schäfer R., Konecny E., Schmucker P. Respir Care. 2000;45(8):993.
 
A Comparison of the Nellcor N-395 and Masimo SET Pulse Oximeters during Hypoxemia and Motion in Human Volunteers.
Barker S.J., Morgan S.E. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A-549.
 
When Pulse Oximeters Fail: Motion and Low Perfusion.
Cooke J.E. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A554.
 
Pulse Oximetry Performance Can Affect Caregiver Time Utilization.
Durbin C.G. Jr., Rostow S.K. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A-556.
 
Next-Generation Pulse Oximetry. Focusing on Masimo's Signal Extraction Technology.
No authors listed. Health Devices. 2000 Oct;29(10):349-70.
 
Artifact Resistance of Newest Generation of Pulse Oximeters in Volunteers Undergoing Hypoxemia.
Gehring H., Hornberger C., Matz H., Konecny E., Schmucker P. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A-584.
 
Performance Evaluation of a New Pulse Oximetry Technology during Physiological Artifacts.
Jaffe M.B. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A-560.
 
Sensitivity and Specificity Performance during Motion Artifact in Three Pulse Oximeters Designed for Use in Motion.
Jopling M.W., Mannheimer P.D., Bebout D.E. Anesthesiology. 2000;93(3A):A-585.
 
Determining the Artifact Sensitivity of Recent Pulse Oximeters during Laboratory Benchmarking.
Kästle S.W., Konecny E. J Clin Monit Comput. 2000;16(7):509-22.
 
Comparison of Three New Technology Pulse Oximeters during Recovery from Extreme Exercise in Adult Males.
Witucki P.J., Bell S.J. Crit Care Med. 2000;27(12):A87.
 
Reliable Pulse Oximetry During Exercise Testing.
Harrington S., Henderson D., Burton G.G. Respir Care. 1999;44(10):1226.
 
Analysis of Pulse Oximeters for Detection of SpO2 and Pulse Rate Variation during Motion Artifact.
Russell G.B., Schuler H.G., Graybeal J.M. Resp Care. 1999;44(10):PS711.
 
Critical Evaluation of New Pulse Oximeters for Low Amplitude Detection.
Russell G.B., Schuler H.G., Graybeal J.M. Anesthesiology. 1999;91(3A):A584.
N/A  
The Performance of Three Pulse Oximeters during Low Perfusion in Volunteers.
Barker S.J., Novak S., Morgan S. Anesthesiology. 1997;87(3A):A409.
N/A  
The Effects of Motion on the Performance of Pulse Oximeters in Volunteers (Revised Publication).
Barker S.J., Shah N.K. Anesthesiology. 1997 Jan;86(1):101-8.
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Clinical Evaluation of a Prototype Motion Artifact Resistant Pulse Oximeter in the Recovery Room.
Dumas C., Wahr J.A., Tremper K.K. Anesth Analg. 1996 Aug;83(2):269-72.
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Low-Perfusion Resistant Pulse Oximetry.
Weber W., Elfadel I.M., Barker S.J. J Clin Monit. 1995;11(40):284.
N/A  

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Accuracy (Peds):*

Comparison of Two Types of Pulse-Oximeters during Low Perfusion and Increased Motion Artifact in Pediatric Patients.
Downs B., Willis R., Heulitt M. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(12):A89.
 
Comparison of New Generation Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximeters.
Townshend J., Taylor B.J., Galland B., Williams S. J Paediatr Child Health. 2006 Jun;42(6):359-65.
 
An Intraoperative Comparison of Ear Transmission and Forehead Reflectance Oximetry in Pediatric Surgical Patients.
Redford D., Lichtenthal P., Barker S. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:A579.
 
Evaluation of 2 Forehead Reflectance Oximeters in Pediatric Intraoperative Surgical Patients.
Redford D., Lichtenthal P., Barker S. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:A593.
 
A Clinical Comparison of Pulse Oximeter Sensor Sites in the Pediatric Surgical Patient: Ear, Nose, Lip and Forehead.
Redford D., Lichtenthal P., Barker S. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:A595.
 
Clinical Evaluation of the Effects of Signal Integrity and Saturation on Data Availability and Accuracy of Masimo SET and Nellcor N-395 Oximeters in Children.
Robertson F.A., Hoffman G.M. Anesth Analg. 2004;98(3):617-22.
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Intraoperative Use of Forehead Reflectance Oximetry in Pediatric Patients.
Mahajan A., Lee E., Callon-Moldovan A. Proceeding of the 2004 Society for Technology in Anesthesia. 2004; Abs 16.
N/A  
Comparison of Four Pulse Oximeters on Pediatric Patients during Anesthesia and the Initial Phases of Recovery: Does the New Generation Offer an Advantage?
Barcelona S.L., Roth A.G., Coté C.J. Anesthesiology. 2002;96:A1280.
 
Assessment of 2 New Generation Pulse Oximeters during Low Perfusion in Children.
Torres A., Skender K., Wohrley J., Aldag J., Raff G., Geiss D. Crit Care Med. 2002;29(12):A117.
N/A  
Performance of Pulse Oximeter Technologies in a Pediatric Sleep Lab Setting.
McGregor C.D., Lavergne J., Ladan S., Leimanis A., Nixon G.M., Brouillette R.T. Respir Care. 2001;46(10):1105.
 
False Alarms and Sensitivity of Conventional Pulse Oximetry versus the Masimo SET Technology in the Pediatric Postanesthesia Care Unit.
Malviya S., Reynolds P.I., Voepel-Lewis T., Siewert M., Watson D., Tait A.R., Tremper K. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jun;90(6):1336-40.
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Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Accuracy (Neonatal):*

Discrepancies between Arterial Oxygen Saturation and Functional Oxygen Saturation Measured with Pulse Oximetry in Very Preterm Infants.
Rosychuk R.J., Hudson-Mason A., Eklund D., Lacaze-Masmonteil T. Neonatology. 2011 Jul 26;101(1):14-19.
 
Accuracy of Pulse Oximeter Readings from Probe Placement on Newborn Wrist and Ankle.
Phattraprayoon N., Sardesai S., Durand M., Ramanathan R. J Perinatol. 2011 Apr;32(4):276-80.
 
Disparate Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximetry SpO2 and Pulse Rate Parameters in Awake Un-Sedated Neonate.
Du E., Goresky G. V. IARS 2011 Annual Meeting. S-226.
 
A Comparison of Oxygen Saturation Measurements Obtained from a 'Blue Sensor' with a Standard Sensor.
Mawson I.E., Dawson J.A., Donath S.M., Davis P.G. J Paediatr Child Health. 2011 Oct;47(10):693-7.
 
Comparison of the Clinical Performance between Two Pulse Oximeters in NICU: Nellcor N-595 versus Masimo SET
Lee H.J., Choi J.H , Min S. J., Kim D. J., Kim H. S. J Korean Soc Neonatol 2010;17:245-9
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Changes in Heart Rate in the First Minutes after Birth.
Dawson J.A., Kamlin C.O., Wong C., te Pas A.B., Vento M., Cole T.J., Donath S.M., Hooper S.B., Davis P.G., Morley C.J. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010 May;95(3):F177-81.
 
Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry Measurement of Heart Rate of Newborn Infants in the Delivery Room.
Kamlin C.O., Dawson J.A., O'Donnell C.P., Morley C.J., Donath S.M., Sekhon J., Davis P.G. J Pediatr. 2008 Jun;152(6):756-60.
 
Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry in Assessing Heart Rate of Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Singh J.K., Kamlin C.O., Morley C.J., O'Donnell C.P., Donath S.M., Davis P.G. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008 May;44(5):273-5.
 
How Accurate Is Pulse Oximetry in Measuring the Heart Rate (HR) of Newly Born Infants?
Kamlin C.O.F., Dawson J.A., O'Donnell C.P.F., Sekhon J., Morley C.J., Davis P.G. Proceeding of the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2007. E-PAS2007:615896.1.
 
Oxygen Saturation in Neonates. Comparison of Three Different Pulse Oximeters with Arterial Measurements.
Indrebo M.M., Liestol K., Brundvand L., Lindermann R. Eur J Pediatr. 2006 November; 165(Suppl 1): 1–389.
N/A  
Comparison Of Two Newer-Generation Pulse Oximeters In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Sautel M. Resp Care. 2006;51(11)1333.
 
Oxygen Saturation In Healthy Infants Immediately After Birth.
Kamlin C.O., O'Donnell C.P., Davis P.G., Morley C.J. J Pediatr. 2006 May;148(5):585-9.
 
Clinical Evaluation of the Accuracy of Masimo SET and Nellcor N-595 Oximeters in Children with Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease.
Whitney G.M., Tucker L.R., Hall S.R., Chang A.C. Anesthesiology. 2005;103:A1344.
 
Clinical Use of New-Generation Pulse Oximeters in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Workie F.A., Rais-Bahrami K., Short B.L. Am J Perinatol. 2005 Oct;22(7):357-60.
 
Performance of Pulse Oximeters in Tracking Heart Rate Variability.
Deshpande G.G., Torres A. Crit Care Med. 2004;32(12):A117.
 
Motion Resistant Pulse Oximetry in Neonates.
Sahni R., Gupta A., Ohira-Kist K., Rosen T.S. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 Nov;88(6):F505-8.
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A Comparison of Two New Generation Pulse Oximeters: The Masimo Radical and the Philips Viridia.
Goldstein M.R., Louie N., Lawas-Alejo P., Pernia L., Martin G.I. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A554.
 
Operational Evaluation of Pulse Oximetry in NICU Patients with Arterial Access.
Gerstmann D., Berg R., Haskell R., Brower C., Wood K., Yoder B., Greenway L., Lassen G., Ogden R., Stoddard R., Minton S. J Perinatol. 2003 Jul-Aug;23(5):378-83.
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Accuracy and Precision of Masimo SET, Agilent Merlin, and Nellcor N-395 Pulse Oximeters in Patients Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Congenital Heart Defects.
Olivier Jr. W.C., Puga F.J., Schroeder D.R., Beighley C.M., Dearani J.A., Ereth M.H. Anesth Analg. 2003;96:SCA-135.
 
Detection of Hyperoxaemia in Neonates: Data from Three New Pulse Oximeters.
Bohnhorst B., Peter C.S., Poets C.F. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2002 Nov;87(3):F217-9.
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Reliability of Conventional and New Pulse Oximetry in Neonatal Patients.
Hay W.W., Rodden D.J., Collins S.M., Melara D.L., Hale K.A., Fashaw L.M. J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug;22(5):360-6.
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Pulse Oximetry during Hypothermia in Neonates: Conventional Versus Signal Extraction Technology.
Sahni R., Ohira-Kist K., Polin R.A. Proceedings from the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting. 2002;2153.
 
Accuracy of Two Pulse Oximetry Devices with Motion Artifact Reduction Technology on Very Small Birth Weight Infants in an Intensive Care Nursery.
Slogic S. Anesth Analg. 2002;94(1S)S108.
 
False Alarms in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: Comparison between Three Intensive Care Monitoring Systems.
Ahlborn V., Bohnhorst B., Peter C.S., Poets C.F. Acta Paediatr. 2000 May;89(5):571-6.
 
Pulse Oximeters' Reliability in Detecting Hypoxemia and Bradycardia: Comparison between a Conventional and Two New Generation Oximeters.
Bohnhorst B., Peter C.S., Poets C.F. Crit Care Med. 2000 May;28(5):1565-8.
 
Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximetry during Circumcision in Neonates.
Sahni R., Gupta A, Rosen T.S. Pediatr Res. 2000;47(4):430A(2544).
 
Accuracy of Pulse Oximeters during Neonatal Motion.
Liberman R., Holmes M., Taschuk R Snelling R. Respir Care. 1999;44(12);1499.
 
Near Continuous Pulse Oximetry during Newborn ECLS.
Gangitano E.S, Taschuk R.D., Liberman R.L. ASAIO. 1999;45(2):125.
 
CO-Oximetry Validation of a New Pulse Oximeter in Sick Newborns.
Holmes M., Thomas A., Vogt J., Gangitano E., Stephenson C., Liberman R. Respir Care. 1998;43(10):860.
 
Novel Pulse Oximetry Technology Capable of Reliable Bradycardia Monitoring in the Neonate.
Barnum P.T, Taschuk R.D., Goldstein M.R., Vogt J.F., Gangitano E.S., Stephenson C.G., Liberman R.L. Respir Care. 1997;42(11):1072.
 
Novel Pulse Oximeter Technology Resistant to Noise Artifact and Low Perfusion.
Goldstein M.R., Martin G.I., Sindel B.D., Cunningham M.D. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;155(4):A712.
N/A  

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Clinical Use (Adult):*

Comparison of Two New Generation Pulse Oximeters during Emergency Ambulance Transportation.
Weber U., Tomschik E., Resch I., Adelmann K., Hasun M., Mora B., Malzer R., Kober A. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2011 Feb;28(2):92-6.
 
Impact of Pulse Oximetry Surveillance on Rescue Events and Intensive Care Unit Transfers: A Before-And-After Concurrence Study.
Taenzer A.H., Pyke J.B., McGrath S.P., Blike G.T. Anesthesiology. 2010 Feb;112(2):282-7.
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Autonomous Control of Inspired Oxygen Concentration during Mechanical Ventilation of the Critically Injured Trauma Patient.
Johannigman J.A., Branson R., Lecroy D., Beck G. J Trauma. 2009 Feb;66(2):386-92.
 
Estimation of Respiration Dependent PaO2 Oscillations by Measurement of SpO2 Oscillations in Pigs.
Bodenstein M., Boehme S., Graybeal J., Wang H., Markstaller K. Anesthesiology. 2008;109 A1691.
 
The Sound Intensity and Characteristics of Variable-Pitch Pulse Oximeters.
Yamanaka H., Haruna J., Mashimo T., Akita T., Kinouchi K. J Clin Monit Comput. 2008 Jun;22(3):199-207.
 
Rad-5 and MRL SpO2 Comparison Trial: A Prospective Analysis of Pulse Oximetry During Air Transport.
Elliot J.A. Respir Care. 2007;52(11):1558.
 
Pulse Oximeters Demonstrate Different Responses During Hypothermia and Changes in Perfusion.
Nishiyama T. Can J Anaesth. 2006 Feb;53(2):136-8.
 
Variability in Time Delay Between Two Models of Pulse Oximeters for Deriving the Photoplethysmographic Signals.
Foo J.Y., Wilson S.J., Dakin C., Williams G., Harris M.A., Cooper D. Physiol Meas. 2005 Aug;26(4):531-44.
 
New-Generation Pulse Oximetry in the Care of Critically Ill Patients.
Giuliano K.K., Higgins T.L. Am J Crit Care. 2005 Jan;14(1):26-37.
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Undisrupted Pulse Wave on Pulse Oximeter Display Monitor at Cardiac Arrest in a Surgical Patient.
Kuroda M., Kawamoto M., Yuge O. J Anesth. 2005;19(2):164-6.
 
The Desaturation Response Time of Finger Pulse Oximeters during Mild Hypothermia.
MacLeod D.B., Cortinez L.I., Keifer J.C., Cameron D., Wright D.R., White W.D., Moretti E.W., Radulescu L.R., Somma J. Anaesthesia. 2005 Jan;60(1):65-71.
 
Choice of Oximeter Affects Apnea-Hypopnea Index.
Zafar S., Ayappa I., Norman R.G., Krieger A.C., Walsleben J.A., Rapoport D.M. Chest. 2005 Jan;127(1):80-8.
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Clinical Experiences with a New Forehead Reflectance Pulse Oximetry Sensor in ASA III Patients during Surgery.
Hager H., Mandadi G., Reddy D., Pulley D., Kurz A. Anesthesiology. 2004;101:A564.
 
Novel Concept of Measuring Percutaneous Oxygen Saturation Monitor during Cardio-Pulmonary Bypass.
Asahina T., Takii Y., Nishigoori T., Ozaki M. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A557.
 
Pulse Oximetry during Low Perfusion Caused By Emerging Pneumonia and Sepsis in Rabbits.
Hummler H.D., Pohlandt F., Franz A.R. Crit Care Med. 2002 Nov;30(11):2501-8.
 
An Evaluation of Pulse Oximetry-Pre, during, and Post-Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Lichtenthal P.R., Barker S.J. Anesthesiology. 2002;96:A598.
 
More Reliable Oximetry Reduces the Frequency of Arterial Blood Gas Analyses and Hastens Oxygen Weaning after Cardiac Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized Trial of the Clinical Impact of a New Technology.
Durbin C.G. Jr., Rostow S.K. Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug;30(8):1735-40.
 
Masimo Signal Extraction Pulse Oximetry.
Goldman J.M., Petterson M.T., Kopotic R.J., Barker S.J. J Clin Monit Comput. 2000;16(7):475-83.
 
Evaluation of Signal Extraction Technology (SET) in Preventing False Alarms when Using Pulse Oximetry in the Recovery Room.
Lichtenthal P.R., Wade L.D. Anesthesiology. 1996;86(2S):S278.
N/A  

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Clinical Use (Peds):*

Prolonged, Documented Home-Monitoring of Oxygenation in Infants and Children.
Gélinas J.F., Davis G.M., Arlegui C., Côté A. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008 Mar;43(3):288-96.
 
Use of Pulse Oximeter Placed on a Gastroschisis Silo to Monitor Intestinal Oxygen Saturation.
Kim S., Betts J., Yedlin S., Rowe R., Idowu O. Pediatr Surg Int. 2006 Sep;22(9):763-5.
 
Pulse Oximetry in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: Effects Of Cardiopulmonary Bypass And Cyanosis.
Torres A. Jr., Skender K.M., Wohrley J.D., Aldag J.C., Raff G.W., Bysani G.K., Geiss D.M. J Intensive Care. 2004 Jul-Aug;19(4):229-34.
 
Sleep Desaturation: Comparison of Two Oximeters.
Trang H., Boureghda S., Leske V. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 Jan;37(1):76-80.
 
Differences in Pulse Oximetry Technology Can Affect Detection of Sleep-Disorderd Breathing in Children.
Brouillette R.T., Lavergne J., Leimanis A., Nixon G.M., Ladan S., McGregor C.D. Anesth Analg. 2002 Jan;94(1 Suppl):S47-53.
 
Reference Values for Nocturnal Home Pulse Oximetry during Sleep in Primary School Children.
Urschitz M.S., Wolff J., Von Einem V., Urschitz-Duprat P.M, Schlaud M., Poets C.F. Chest. 2003 Jan;123(1):96-101.
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Pulse oximetry in the Management of Children in the PICU.
Miyasaka K. Anesth Analg. 2002 Jan;94(1 Suppl):S44-6.
 

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Clinical Use (Neonatal):*

Hospital Mortality in 2,437 Infants in the Australian, New Zealand and UK Boost II Trials of Neonatal Oxygen Saturation Targeting
Tarnow-Mordi W.O., Stenson B., Darlow B., Brocklehurst P., Morley C., Davis P., Juszczak E., King A., Simmer K., Kirby A., Donoghue M., Ghadge A., Hague W. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:AA58
pdf abstract  
Oxygen Saturation Monitoring at Birth: Feasibility of the 2010 Neonatal Resuscitation Guidelines
Dal Cengio,V., Parotto, M., Zanella M., Rizzo R., Zacchettin C., Cavallin F., Trevisanuto D., Zanardo V. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A511
pdf abstract  
Preductal Transcutaneous Oxygen Saturation at Birth after Elective Caesarean Section
Dal Cengio V., Parotto M., Zanella P., Zacchettin C., Rizzo N., Cavallin F., Trevisanuto D., Zanardo V., Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A372
pdf abstract  
Effect of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) and Respiratory Support on Oxygen Saturation in Preterm Babies?
Gupta S., Suresh P., Mallaya P., Harikumar C. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A506
pdf abstract  
Pulse Oximetry in Healthy Newborns after Midwifery Supervised Uncomplicated Home Births; Use of International Accepted Percentiles
Smit M., Ganzeboom A., Dawson J., Pas A.T. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A492-A493.
pdf abstract  
Use of Oximeter in Clinical Assessment of Infants at Birth in Low Risk Deliveries after Home Birth in the Netherlands.
Smit M., te Pas A., Dawson J., Ganzeboom A. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A501
pdf abstract  
Electrocardiogram Provides a Continuous Heart Rate Faster Than Oximetry During Neonatal Resuscitation.
Katheria A., Rich W., Finer N. Pediatrics. 2012 Oct 22
pdf  
Comparing Oxygen Targeting In Preterm Infants Between The Masimo And Philips Pulse Oximeters.
Li D., Jeyaprakash V., Foreman S., Groves A.M. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2012 Jul;97(4):F311-2.
   
"New-Generation" Pulse Oximeters in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants: How Do They Perform in Clinical Practice?
van der Eijk AC, Horsch S, Eilers PH, Dankelman J, Smit BJ. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2012 Apr;26(2):172-80.
 
Use of an Oxygen Saturation Histogram Increases Time Infants Are within Target Saturation Range
Adams K.K., Goldstein M., Ninnis J., Hopper A., Deming D. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012: 1534.569
 
Comparison of Heart Rate and Oxygen Saturation Measurements from Masimo and Nellcor Pulse Oximeters in Newly Born Term Infants.
Dawson J.A., Saraswat A., Thio M., Owen L.S., C., Kamlin O.F., Schmoelzer G.B., Davis P.G., Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012:1534.573
 
Oxygen Targeting in Preterm Infants Comparing the Masimo Pulse Oximeter with the Phillips Pulse Oximeter.
Jeyaprakash V., Li D., Foreman S., Groves A., Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012:1534.575.
 
Randomized Trial of Varying Levels of Oxygen (21%, 40% and 100%) at Resuscitation in Premature Infants < 32 wks GA
Kumar V. H., Wynn K., Ryan R.M., Nielsen L., Reynolds A.M., Carrion V.  Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012:4525.352
 
Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) on Day 2-3 of Life at Mild Altitude (MA) Versus Sea Level (SL): Implications for Neonatal Screening
Samuel T., Bromiker R., Mimouni F.B., Mandel D., Picard E., Goldberg S.  Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012:4524.319
 
Feasibility of Implementing Pulse Oximetry Screening for Congenital Heart Disease in a Community Hospital.
Bradshaw E.A., Cuzzi S., Kiernan S.C., Nagel N., Becker .JA., Martin G.R. J Perinatol. 2012 Jan 26.
 
Strategies for Implementing Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease
Kemper A.R., Mahle W.T., Martin G.R., Cooley W.C., Kumar P., Morrow W.R., Kelm K., Pearson G.D., Glidewell J., Grosse S.D., Howell R.R. Pediatrics. 2011 Nov;128(5):e1259-67.
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Intermittent Hypoxic Episodes in Preterm Infants: Do They Matter?
Martin R.J., Wang K., Köroğlu O., Di Fiore J., Kc P. Neonatology. 2011;100(3):303-10.
 
Oxygen Saturation in Immature Babies: Revisited with Updated Recommendations.
Saugstad O.D., Speer C.P., Halliday H.L. Neonatology. 2011;100(3):217-8.
   
Pulse Oximetry Screening for Congenital Heart Defects in Newborn Infants (Pulseox): A Test Accuracy Study.
Ewer A.K., Middleton L.J., Furmston A.T., Bhoyar A., Daniels J.P., Thangaratinam S., Deeks J.J., Khan K.S. Lancet 2011. 378(9793):785-794.
 
Avoiding Hyperoxemia during Neonatal Resuscitation: Time to Response of Different SpO2 Monitors.
Baquero H., Alviz R., Castillo A., Neira F., Sola A. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Apr;100(4):515-8.
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Prevention of Retinopathy of Prematurity in Preterm Infants through Changes in Clinical Practice and SpO2 Technology.
Castillo A., Deulofeut R., Critz A., Sola A. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Feb;100(2):188-92.
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Implication of Pulse Oxymetry Screening for Detection of Congenital Heart Defects.
Tautz J., Merkel C., Loersch F., Egen O., Hägele F., Thon H.M., Schaible T. Klinische Pädiatrie. Sep;222(5):291-5.
 
Defining the Reference Range for Oxygen Saturation for Infants after Birth.
Dawson J.A., Kamlin C.O., Vento M., Wong C., Cole T.J., Donath S.M., Davis P.G., Morley C.J. Pediatrics. 2010 Jun;125(6):e1340-7.
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Pulse Oximetry Screening as a Complementary Strategy to Detect Critical Congenital Heart Defects.
Meberg A., Andreassen A., Brunvand L., Markestad T., Moster D., Nietsch L., Silberg I.E., Skålevik J.E. Acta Paediatr. 2009 Apr;98(4):682-6.
 
Impact of pulse oximetry screening on the detection of duct dependent congenital heart disease: a Swedish prospective screening study in 39,821 newborns.
de-Wahl Granelli A., Wennergren M., Sandberg K., Mellander M., Bejlum C., Inganäs L., Eriksson M., Segerdahl N., Agren A., Ekman-Joelsson B.M., Sunnegårdh J., Verdicchio M., Ostman-Smith I. BMJ. 2009;Jan 8;338.
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First Day of Life Pulse Oximetry Screening to Detect Congenital Heart Defects.
Meberg A., Brügmann-Pieper S., Due R. Jr., Eskedal L., Fagerli I., Farstad T., Frøisland D.H., Sannes C.H., Johansen O.J., Keljalic J., Markestad T., Nygaard E.A., Røsvik A., Silberg I.E. J Pediatr. 2008 Jun;152(6):761-5.
 
Can Short Physiological Desaturations be Validated in the Neonate?
Goldstein M.R., Saesim D., Peverini R. Chest 2007. 132: 606a.
 
Noninvasive Peripheral Perfusion Index as a Possible Tool for Screening for Critical Left Heart Obstruction.
de-Wahl Granelli A., Ostman-Smith I. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Oct;96(10):1455-9.
 
New Pulse Oximetry Sensors with Low Saturation Accuracy Claims - A Clinical Evaluation.
Cox P.N. Anesthesiology. 2007;107:A1540.
 
New Generation and Old Generation Pulse Oximeters in Children with Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease.
Cannesson M., Neidecker J., Bompard D., Védrinne C., Lehot J.J. Anesthesiology. 2007;107:A204.
 
Oxygen as a Neonatal Health Hazard: Call for Détente in Clinical Practice.
Sola A., Rogido M.R., Deulofeut R. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Jun;96(6):801-12.
 
The Anatomy of the Short Desaturation: Transient Drops in Saturation with a Basis in Physiology.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.J., Hougland K., Lawas-Alejo P., Ochikubo C.J., Sindel B.D., Shah M., Yang L.L., Martin G.I. Presented at Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting May 5-8, 2007.
 
A Comparison of Newer Generation Pulse Oximeters for Accuracy and Dropout Rate in Neonatal Intensive Care.
Lussky R.C., Cifuentes R.F., Kaestner K., Stanek G., Siddappa A.J., Geppert J.S. Proceeding of the Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Academic Society 2007. E-PAS2007:617933.16.
 
Clinical Evaluation of Accuracy of Masimo LNOP Blue Sensor in Cyanotic Infants.
Tsutumi T., Nakashima M., Yasunaga H., Nakao F., Takamatsu J. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(12):A56.
 
New Pulse Oximetry Sensors with Low Saturation Accuracy Claims - A Clinical Evaluation.
Cox P.N. Respir Care. 2006;51(11):1332.
 
The Accuracy of Masimo SET and Nellcor N-595 in Children with Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease.
Toda Y., Takeuchi M., Iwasaki T., Shimizu K., Morita K. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A1704.
 
Achieved versus Intended Pulse Oximeter Saturation in Infants Born Less Than 28 Weeks' Gestation: The AVIOx Study.
Hagadorn J.I., Furey A.M., Nghiem T.H., Schmid C.H., Phelps D.L., Pillers D.A., Cole C.H.; AVIOx Study Group. Pediatrics. 2006 Oct;118(4):1574-82.
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Clinical Trial Of New Pulse Oximetry Sensor Designed For Use On Children With Congenital Cyanotic Cardiac Disease.
Cox P.N., Fernandes K. Respir Care. 2005;50(11):1517.
 
Screening for Duct-Dependent Congenital Heart Disease with Pulse Oximetry: A Critical Evaluation of Strategies to Maximize Sensitivity.
de-Wahl Granelli A., Mellander M., Sunnegårdh J., Sandberg K., Ostman-Smith I. Acta Paediatr. 2005 Nov;94(11):1590-1596.
 
Masimo Signal Extraction Technology (SET) Does Not Offer An Advantage During Neonatal Transport.
Quine D., Braithwaite I., Smith C., Armstrong L., Mitchell A., Quinn J., Stenson, B. Pediatr Res. 2005;58(2):406.
 
Obtaining Pulse Oximetry Data in Neonates: A Randomised Crossover Study of Sensor Application Techniques.
O'Donnell C.P., Kamlin C.O., Davis P.G., Morley C.J. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005 Jan;90(1):F84-5.
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Automatic Control of the Inspired Oxygen Fraction in Preterm Infants: A Randomized Crossover Trial.
Urschitz M.S., Horn W., Seyfang A., Hallenberger A., Herberts T., Miksch S., Popow C., Müller-Hansen I., Poets C.F. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Nov 15;170(10):1095-100.
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Indication of False Unwarned Desaturations in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Goldstein M.R., Louie P., Lawas-Alejo P., Pernia M.L., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Sindel B.D., Furman G.I., Martin G.I. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society International Conference, 2004. A139.
N/A  
Heart Rate Variability Detection and the Newer Motion Resistance Pulse Oximeters.
Goldstein M.R., Pernia M.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Furman G.I., Sindel B.D., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Martin G.I. Proceeding of the American Thoracic Society International Conference, 2004. A50.
N/A  
Masimo Radical and N-595 Clinical Use Evaluation in the NICU.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.I., Sindel B.D., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Pernia M.L. Lawas-Alejo P., Martin, G.I. J Perinatol. 2003;23:P40.
 
New Generation Pulse Oximetry Signal Quality Indicators Are Not Universally Reliable.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.I., Sindel B.D., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Pernia M.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Martin, G.I. J Perinatol. 2003;23:P41.
 
A Survey of Indicators of Pulse Oximetry Validity.
Goldstein M.R., Louie N., Sindel B.D., Furman G.I., Martin G.I. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A556.
 
Is Pulse Search Technology a Predictor of Unreliable Saturation Monitoring?
Goldstein M.R., Louie N., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Martin G.I. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A555.
 
Respiratory Variations in SpO2 with a Fast Pulse Oximeter.
Syring R.S., Otto C.M., Campbell V., Baumgardner J.E. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A375.
 
Neonatal and Pediatric Pulse Oximetry.
Salyer J.W. Respir Care. 2003 Apr;48(4):386-96.
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Longevity of Masimo and Nellcor Pulse Oximeter Sensors in the Care of Infants.
Erler T., Avenarius S., Wischniewski E., Schmidt K., Kläber H.G. J Perinatol. 2003 Mar;23(2):133-5.
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Can Changes in Clinical Practice Decrease the Incidence of Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity in Very Low Birth Weight Infants?
Chow L.C., Wright K.W., Sola A.; CSMC Oxygen Administration Study Group. Pediatrics. 2003 Feb;111(2):339-45.
 
The Use of Pulse Oximetry to Assess the Accuracy of Chest Compressions.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.I., Lawas-Alejo P., Ochikubo M., Pernia L., Sindel B.D., Yang L.L., Martin G.I. Pediatr Res. 2003;53(42):478A.
 
Conversion to Masimo Set Pulse Oximetry - Analysis of Staff Satisfaction and Patient Safety Following Conversion.
Lekites K., Jackvony R. Respir Care. 2002;47(9):1088.
 
Assessing High-Risk Infants in the Delivery Room with Pulse Oximetry.
Kopotic R.J., Lindner W. Anesth Analg. 2002 Jan;94(1 Suppl):S31-6.
 
Performance of Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximeters in Tracking Neonatal Heart Rate Variability.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.I., Pernia M.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Yang L.L., Sidel B.D., Ochikubo C.G., Martin G.I. Anesth Analg. 2002:94:S102(A5).
N/A  
Cost Reduction Following Conversion to Masimo SET Pulse Oximetry? Experience in the Neonatal ICU.
Noblet T. Respir Care. 2001;46(10):1130.
 
Patient Safety and Staff Satisfaction Following Conversion to Masimo SET Pulse Oximetry? Experience in the Neonatal ICU.
Noblet T. Respir Care. 2001;46(10):1130.
 
Masimo SET Has Major Advantages for Testing of Infant Apnea.
Villareal D., Kukreja S. Respir Care. 2000;45(8):1009.
 
Useful Life of Pulse Oximeter Sensors in a NICU.
Thomas A., Holmes M., Vogt J., Gangitano E., Stephenson C., Liberman R. Respir Care. 1998;43(10):860.
 
Pulse Oximetry in Transport of Poorly Perfused Babies.
Goldstein M.R., Liberman R.L., Taschuk R.D., Thomas A., Vogt J.F. Pediatrics. 1998;102(3):818.
N/A  
Conventional Pulse Oximetry Can Give Spurious Data in a Neonatal Population at Risk for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP).
Goldstein M.R., Barnum P.T., Vogt J., Gangitano E.S., Stephenson C.G., Liberman R.L. Pediatr Res. 1998;43(4):216A.
 
Detection of Hypoxaemia in Preterm Infants: Evaluation of a New Technology Pulse Oximeter.
Bohnhorst B., Poets C.F. Pediatr Res. 1998;44(30):443.
N/A  

Full Citation List of All Available Studies - Perfusion Index:*

Can Low Perfusion Index Predict the Treatment Need in Premature Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus?
Terek D., Altun Koroglu O., Uygur O., Ulger Z., Yalaz M., Kultursay N. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A7-A8.
pdf abstract  
Perfusion Index Assessment in Newborns with Tachypnea
Unal S., Altuntas N., Beken S., Kulalı F., Kazancı E., Hirfanoğlu I.M., Türkyılmaz C., Önal E.E., Koç E., Atalay Y., Ergenekon E. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A298
pdf abstract  
Determination of the Perfusion Index Reference Values and Variation in Clinically and Hemodinamically Stable Newborns During the Early Neonatal Period
Hakan N., Dilli D., Zenciroğlu A., Okumuş N., Karagöl B.S., Dursun, N., Karadağ, S., Beken, B., Aydın, S., Erol A. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A298
pdf abstract  
Perfusion Index Variability and N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide Levels Before and After Cardiac Interventions in Congenital Heart Disease
Karadag N., Dilli D., Karagol B., Dursun A., Kundak A., Hakan N., Arman Orun U., Beken S., Zenciroglu A., Okumus N. Arch Dis Child 2012;97:A328-A329.
pdf abstract  
Changes in Perfusion Index after Spinal Anesthesia.
Hyuga S., Tanaka S., Imai E., Kawamata T., Kawamata M. Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, October 13, 2012. Washington DC. A1307
pdf abstract  
Perfusion Index and Plethysmographic Variability Index in Patients with Interscalene Nerve Catheters.
Sebastiani A., Philippi L., Boehme S., Closhen D., Schmidtmann I., Scherhag A., Markstaller K., Engelhard K., Pestel G. Can J Anaesth. 2012 Oct 2.
pudmed  
General Anaesthesia Induction using General Anaesthetic Agents and Opioid Analgesics increases Perfusion Index (PI) and decreases Pleth Variability Index (PVI): Observational Clinical Study
Mizuno J., Morita Y, Kakinuma A., Sawamura S. Sri Lankan J Anaesthesiol. 2012; 20(1).
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Use of Perfusion Index from Pulse Oximetry to Determine Efficacy of Stellate Ganglion Block.
Yamazaki H., Nishiyama J., Suzuki T. Local Reg Anesth. 2012;5:9-14. Epub 2012 Mar 13.
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Monitoring Peripheral Perfusion in Critically Ill Patients at the Bedside.
van Genderen M.E., van Bommel J., Lima A. Curr Opin Crit Care 2012, 18:273–279.
 
Persistent Peripheral and Microcirculatory Perfusion Alterations after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest are Associated with Poor Survival.
van Genderen M.E., Lima A., Akkerhuis M., Bakker J., van Bommel J.
Crit Care Med. 2012 Aug;40(8):2287-94.
 
Newborns ≤32 Weeks Gestational Age with Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Is Perfusion Index Predictor of Ductal Closure?
Bianchi A., Ossola S., Stifani A., Tandoi F., Agosti M. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012: 3853.670
 
Perfusion Index Measurement in Preterm Newborns during the First Days of Life
Bianchi A., Ossola S., Stifani A., Bossi A., Agosti M. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012:3853.669
 
Pulsatility Index in Term and Preterm Newborns during Transition
Scottoline B., Takase-Sanchez M., Song D., Jegatheesan P., Govindaswami B. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting 2012: 4525.361
 
Continued Observations in the Postoperative Monitoring of Free Flaps: Preliminary Experiences with Masimo Radical-7 Transcutaneous Plethysmography and Pulse Oximetry.
Chubb D., Whitaker I.S., Rozen W.M., Ashton M.W. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Jan;129(1):222e-3e.
 
Perfusion Index (Pi) Correlates to Transcutaneous Pressure of Oxygen (Ptco2) Test and may provide a Noninvasive Method of Tissue Perfusion
Hu M., Vu U., Furuta S., Ghows M., Schmidt K., Suydam E., Inouye D., Hayashi M., Takanishi D., Yu M. Crit Care Med 2011;39(12):Abs 434.
   
Relationship between Differential Distribution of Blood Flow to Blocked or Unblocked Areas and the Extent of the Sensory Block in Spinal Anesthesia.
Imai E., Tanaka S., Kawamata T., Kawamata M. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A667.
 
Peripheral Perfusion during Total Intravenous or Combined General Anesthesia.
Fijałkowska A., Nestorowicz A., Kowalczyk M. Eur J Anaesthesiol. May 2011. Abs 875.
 
Perfusion Index as a Predictor for Central Hypovolemia in Humans.
Lima A., Van Genderen M., Klijn E., Bartels S., Van Bommel J., Bakker J. Crit Care. 2011, 15(Suppl 1).
 
Perfusion Index - A Useful Tool to Assess Changes in Extremity Perfusion Following Major Trauma.
Olomu P.N., Romero A., Steiner J.W., Szmuk P. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A1389.
 
The Perfusion Index Derived from a Pulse Oximeter for Predicting Low Superior Vena Cava Flow in Very Low Birth Weight Infants.
Takahashi S., Kakiuchi S., Nanba Y., Tsukamoto K., Nakamura T., Ito Y. J Perinatol. 2010 Apr;30(4):265-9.
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The Usefulness of Perfusion Index to Access the Vasoconstrictive Response to Tracheal Intubation during Remifentanil Anesthesia.
Yamada T., Hagiwara C., Tsuchiya M., Asada A. Anesth Analg. 2010;110;S-1 - S-491.
 
Perfusion Index Variations in Clinically and Hemodynamically Stable Preterm Newborns in the First Week of Life.
Cresi F., Pelle E., Calabrese R., Costa L., Farinasso D., Silvestro L. Ital J Pediatr. 2010 Jan 18;36:6.
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Interactions among Peripheral Perfusion, Cardiac Activity, Oxygen Saturation, Thermal Profile and Body Position in Growing Low Birth Weight Infants.
Sahni R., Schulze K.F., Ohira-Kist K., Kashyap S., Myers M.M., Fifer W.P. Acta Paediatr. 2010 Jan;99(1):135-9.
 
Pulse Oximeter Perfusion Index as an Early Indicator of Sympathectomy after Epidural Anesthesia.
Ginosar Y., Weiniger C.F., Meroz Y., Kurz V., Bdolah-Abram T., Babchenko A., Nitzan M., Davidson E.M. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009 Sep;53(8):1018-26.
 
Which Finger Do You Attach Pulse Oximetry To? Index Finger or Not?
Mizukoshi K., Shibasaki M., Amaya F., Mizobe T., Tanaka Y. Eur J Anesthesiol. 2009;(suppl 45):3AP1-5.
 
Perfusion Index and Pleth Variability Index after Administration of General Anesthetic Agents.
Mizuno J., Morita Y., Kakinuma A., Morita S. Eur J Anesthesiol. 2009;(suppl 45):4AP8-3.
 
The Efficacy of Perfusion Index as an Indicator for Intravascular Injection of Epinephrine-Containing Epidural Test Dose in Propofol-Anesthetized Adults.
Mowafi H.A., Ismail S.A., Shafi M.A., Al-Ghamdi A.A. Anesth Analg. 2009 Feb;108(2):549-53.
 
Perfusion Index via the Finger and Toe during Cesarean Section by Spinal Anesthesia.
Sumikura H., Ohashi Y., Suzuki Y., Kondo Y., Sakai H. Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A587.
 
Effect of Sevoflurane on Peripheral Perfusion Index Derived from the Oximetry Signal in Children.
Laffargue A., Marciniak B., Hebrard A., Petyt C., Krivosic-Horber R. Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A165.
 
Pulse Oximeter Perfusion Index as a Predictor for the Effect of Ilio-Inguinal Block.
Uemura A., Yagihara M., Miyabe M. Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A1737.
 
Maternal Pulse Oximetry Perfusion Index as a Predictor of Early Adverse Respiratory Neonatal Outcome after Elective Cesarean Delivery.
De Felice C., Leoni L., Tommasini E., Tonni G., Toti P., Del Vecchio A., Ladisa G., Latini G. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008 Mar;9(2):203-8.
 
Use of Perfusion Index as an Indicator of Microvascular Insufficiency - A Case Report.
Macknet M., Bandy K., Martin R., Applegate R., Sanghvi C. Proceeding from the Annual World Congress of Anesthesiology.
N/A  
Usefulness of PI Measurement to Detect the Effect of SGB in a Syringomyelia Patient.
Mizusawa K., Kaneda T., Yamazaki H., Suzuki T. Anesth Analg. 2008;106;S-1 - S-244.
 
Pulse Oximeter Perfusion Index as a Measure for the Effect of Stellate Ganglion Block in Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS).
Abt G., Pawlik M.T., Ittner K.P. 2008; Proceeding from the Annual World Congress of Anesthesiology.
N/A  
Maternal Pulse Oximetry Perfusion Index And Adverse Neonatal Respiratory Outcome After Elective Cesarean Delivery.
De Felice C., Leoni L., Tommasini E., Pede O., Tonni G., Del Vecchio A., Ladisa G., Latini G. 2006; Proceeding from the Annual Congress of European Academy of Paediatrics.
 
Pulse Oximeter Perfusion Index as a Predicator for the Effect of Pediatric Epidural Block.
Uemura A., Yagihara M., Miyabe M. Anesthesiology. 2006;105:A1354.
 
Decreased Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry Measurements during Low Perfusion Caused by Sepsis: Is the Perfusion Index of Any Value?
Hummler H.D., Engelmann A., Pohlandt F., Högel J., Franz A.R. Intensive Care Med. 2006 Sep;32(9):1428-31.
 
Early Dynamic Changes in Pulse Oximetry Signals in Preterm Newborns with Histologic Chorioamnionitis.
De Felice C., Goldstein M.R., Parrini S., Verrotti A., Criscuolo M., Latini G. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar;7(2):138-42.
 
Masimo SET Technology Using Perfusion Index is a Sensitive Indicator for Epidural Onset.
Kakazu C.Z., Chen B.J., Kwan W.F. Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A576.
 
Early Postnatal Changes in the Perfusion Index in Term Newborns with Subclinical Chorioamnionitis.
De Felice C., Del Vecchio A., Criscuolo M., Lozupone A., Parrini S., Latini G. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005 Sep;90(5):F411-4.
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Foot Pulse Oximeter Perfusion Index Correlates with Calf Muscle Perfusion Measured by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Healthy Neonates.
Zaramella P., Freato F., Quaresima V., Ferrari M., Vianello A., Giongo D., Conte L., Chiandetti L. J Perinatol. 2005 Jun;25(6):417-22.
 
Does Perfusion Index Correlate with Pulse Oximeter Heart Rate Variability?
Goldstein M.R., Pernia M.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Furman G.I., Sindel B.D., Martin G.I. Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Meeting of the American Thoracic Society: A555.
N/A  
Decreased Perfusion Index (PI) Predicts Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (NTISS) Identified Sick Neonates And Correlates With Decreases In Heart Rate Variablity (HRV).
Goldstein M.R., Pernia M.L., Yang L.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Furman G.I., Ochikubo C.G., Sindel B.D., Martin G.I. Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies: 569.
N/A  
Changes in Perfusion Index Are Not Reflected in Pulse Oximetry Saturation and Heart Rate.
Goldstein M.R., Furman G.I., Sindel B.D., Shah M., Pernia M.L., Lawas-Alejo P., Yang L.L., Ochikubo C.G., Hougland K., Martin G.I. Proceedings of the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Thoracic Society: A681.
N/A  
The Perfusion Index Measured By a Pulse Oximeter Indicates Pain Stimuli in Anesthetized Volunteers.
Hager H., Church S., Mandadi G., Pulley D., Kurz A. Proceedings of the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists: A514.
 
Intraoperative Perfusion Changes at Two Pulse Oximetry Monitoring Sites: The Digit vs. the Nare.
Redford D.T., Lichtenthal P., Barker S.J. Anesth Analg. 2004;98:S-1 - S-282.
 
Perfusion Index - A Valuable Tool to Assess Changes in Peripheral Perfusion Caused By Sevoflurane?
Hager H., Reddy D., Kurz A. Anesthesiology. 2003;99:A553.
 
Correlation of Peripheral Perfusion Index with Site To Site Delays in Detection of Desaturations.
Graybeal J.M., Petterson M.T., Novak, J. Anesthesiology. 2002;96:595.
 

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